• World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought is observed on 17th June every year.
• The day is observed to spread awareness among people about the cooperation required to combat desertification and the effects of drought.
• This day was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution A/RES/49/115 on January 30, 1995, after the day when United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification is drafted.
• The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development declares that nations must do their part in combatting desertification and drought.
• Specifically, SDG Goal 15: Life on Land states the resolve of the United Nations and the SDG signatory nations to halt and reverse land degradation.
• The objectives of Desertification and Drought Day are:
1. To promote public awareness of the issue.
2. To acknowledge that desertification and drought can be effectively tackled, that solutions are possible, and that key tools to this aim lay in strengthened community participation and cooperation at all levels.
3. To strengthen implementation of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those countries experiencing serious drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa.
• 2021 will focus on turning degraded land into healthy land. Restoring degraded land brings economic resilience, creates jobs, raises incomes and increases food security.
• It can also lessen the impacts of climate change and underpin a green recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic.
• The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) will work with the Ministry of Environment (MINAE) of Costa Rica, the host of the global observance, as we recover from COVID-19.