On this day: 2nd April World Autism Awareness Day

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  • World Autism Awareness Day is observed on 2nd April, every year. The day recognizes and spreads awareness for the rights of people with autism.
  • It is recognised by the United Nations’ member states as a day to remember the rights of autistic individuals around the world. This condition typically starts during childhood and continues into adulthood.
  • The United Nations General Assembly unanimously declared the day to advocate the need for persons with autism to be able to lead full and meaningful lives as an integral part of the society.
  • The day was proposed by UN representatives from Qatar. It is one of the only seven official health-specific days recognised by the UN.
  • The very first World Autism Day was observed in the year 2008 on April 2.
  • In 2008, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities entered into force, reaffirming the fundamental principle of universal human rights for all.
  • Autism is a lifelong neurological condition that manifests during early childhood, irrespective of gender, race or socio-economic status. The term Autism Spectrum refers to a range of characteristics.
  • The rate of autism in all regions of the world is high and the lack of understanding has a tremendous impact on the individuals, their families and communities.
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder is a developmental disorder characterized by behavioral and communicational affections that impact a person’s ability to navigate social interactions and also causes repetitive and restricted behavior.
  • The first historical appearance of the word “Autism” was made in 1911 by the psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler, who used the term to describe a specific cluster of symptoms that were considered simple symptoms of schizophrenia as an extreme social withdrawal.
  • With the continuous investigation and research on autism, World Autism Awareness Day was set to April 2 of each year by the “United Nations General Assembly” on “Resolution 62/139” and adopted on December 18 of 2007, to encourage member states to take action in raising awareness about people with autism spectrum disorder and support the research finding new ways to improve wellness and inclusion.
  • Finally, the notion of autism as a spectrum was developed in 2013 by the “American Psychiatric Association” in the fifth edition of the “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders” by combining all subcategories of autism and related conditions into one unified category, including varied characteristics, severity, and presentation of the symptoms.