The Constitution is a set of written principles and precedents of the Government of India that frames fundamental political principles, procedures, rule of law, rights, directive principles, restrictions, and duties of the government and the citizens of the country. It declares India to be a sovereign, secular, socialist, and democratic republic and assures its citizens’ equality, liberty, and justice.
November 26, which was earlier celebrated as Law Day, marks the day when India had adopted its Constitution back in 1949, more than two years after attaining independence from the British rule. The Constitution came into effect next year on 26 January 1950, so as to commemorate the pledge of Purna Swaraj, passed in the Lahore session of the Congress on this day in 1930.
The Constitution of India is flexible, strong and practical. It is able to keep the country united in peace and wartime. Constitution Day is celebrated on 26th November every year to explain the importance of the Constitution of India. On this day, people are told how our Constitution is important for the progress of the country and the difficult situations that Dr. B.R. Ambedkar had faced in the country’s constitution making.
This day is also known as Samvidhan Divas. This day is celebrated to celebrate the historical moment of the adoption of the Indian Constitution when the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India and the day bears immense historical significance.
The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment on 19 November, 2015, notified the decision of the Government of India to celebrate 26 November as ‘Constitution Day’.
The day is celebrated to promote Constitution values among citizens. The two months between the adoption and enforcement of the Constitution was used for reading and translation of the document from English to Hindi.
The Constituent Assembly met for 166 days for two years, 11 months, and 18 days before the Constitution was finally adopted. The members of the Constituent Assembly signed two hand-written copies of the document on 24 January 1950 and two days later, it became the law of the land.
The Constitution Day is celebrated as a mark of tribute to India’s first Law Minister BR Ambedkar, who played a pivotal role in drafting the Indian Constitution. B.R Ambedkar was the one who drafted Indian Constitution and the year 2015 was the 125th birth anniversary of Ambedkar. On this day, attempts are made to generate general awareness on Indian Constitution and spread his nationalist ideas. Constitution day is celebrated on 26th November every year by many schools where the students are made to read the Preamble to Indian Constitution.
Constitution Day 2020 is a matter of national pride for all the Indians. It establishes constitutional supremacy instead of parliamentary supremacy in the country, as it was constructed not by parliament but by a constituent assembly.
The Constitution of India is the longest written constitution in the world governing the world’s largest democracy. It is a constitution that meets the aspirations of the citizens of our country that offers the broad possibility of achieving individual freedoms and desires. It also meets the need for collective development and progress.