Traffic on roads consists of road users including pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars, buses and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using the public way for purposes of travel. Traffic laws are the laws which govern traffic and regulate vehicles, while rules of the road are both the laws and the informal rules that may have developed over time to facilitate the orderly and timely flow of traffic. To govern the orderly flow of traffic the motor vehicle Act came into being.
Motor vehicles were first introduced in India towards the end of the 19th century, and the 1914 Act was the first legislation to regulate their use. It had 18 sections, and gave local governments the responsibility of registering and licensing vehicles and motorists, and enforcing regulations. Recently the new amendments were made under the Motor vehicles act passed by the parliament from September 1 , 2019 which heavily hiked the driving penalties. The transport ministry issued a notification dated August 28, listing out all the laws that have come into effect from September 1, 2019. This means that driving errors are going to make a huge dent in your monthly budget and some of them may cost you the same or more than your monthly fuel bill.The new Motor Vehicles Act has enhanced the penalties for driving errors.
According to the transport ministry’s press release explaining the summary of changes in the Motor Vehicle Act, it has enhanced “penalty for offences where no penalty is specifically provided for- first offence from up to Rs 100 to Rs 500 and second/subsequent offence from up to Rs 300 to Rs 1,500.”Additionally, new penalties have been introduced in case of violation of road regulations. The new penalty can be between Rs 500 and Rs 1,000.Stricter penalty laws will become applicable in case of dangerous driving. First time offenders will face imprisonment of six months to one year and/or fine of between Rs 1,000 and Rs 5,000. For the second offence, the offender will be imprisoned for up to 2 years and/or will have to pay a fine of up to Rs 10,000. In case of drunken driving, imprisonment up to 6 months and/or a fine of up to Rs 10,000 in case of first time offense. For the second offense, there will be a prison term of up to 2 years and/or a fine of Rs 15,000 will be levied.
This Act came into being because of the increasing road accidents and rash driving. The people of India take unessecary advantage of the freedom given to them thereby breaking the traffic rules and regulations which can sometimes create a huge havoc and chaos in the surroundings. According to a study that is the Global status report on road safety 2013 estimates that more than 231 000 people are killed in road traffic crashes in India every year. Approximately half of all deaths on the country’s roads are among vulnerable road users – motorcyclists, pedestrians and cyclists. Therefore this act came into being to avoid the unessecary accidents on the roads of India.
The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha on July 23. With the Budget Session being extended, the Motor Vehicle Amendment Bill is all set to become a law as it has cleared the Rajya Sabha and now awaits final signatures from the president. The amendment bill brings about a sea change in how Indian roads and vehicular transportation are governed.
The bill aims to infuse more discipline on roads by tightening rules and increasing penalties as well as doing away with redundant regulations. At the same time, it presents a humane face to people who help road accident victims and offers considerable financial protection to them.
The Motor vehicles Act have positive and negetive aspects as well as it brings down corruption and make roads more safer than yesterday for the new generations and also raises a sense of traffic among people of India. While there are some negetive aspects also as this act comes out to be more expensive for the people as the penalties are very heavy and some people of India do not have the status to pay such a big amount.
In conclusion to this the Motor vehicle Act came into being but somehow it is good for our country and it also supports the well being of citizens of india but somehow the penalties are hiked so much which may be unaffordable for some people in the country thereby giving rise to crimes at some extend but somehow this act focuses on decreasing road accidents and chaotic situations on the roads of India.