30th May- UdantMartand was Published

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  • UdantMartand “The Rising Sun” was the first Hindi language newspaper published in India.
  • Started on 30 May 1826, from Calcutta (now Kolkata), the weekly newspaper was published every Tuesday by Pt. Jugal Kishore Shukla.
  • By the early 19th century, educational publications in Hindi had already started, thus journalism was only a matter time.
  • By the 1820s, newspapers in several Indian languages were starting, including Bengali and Urdu however, printing in Devanagari script was still rare.
  • UdantMartand employed a mix of Khari Boli and BrajBhasha dialects of Hindi.The first issue printed 500 copies,
  • The office of newspaper was at 37, Amartalla Lane, Kolutolla, near Barabazar Market in Kolkata.
  • It briefly gained prominence for featuring the controversy that rose Bengali-language magazine, Samachar Chandrika and traders from interiors, who were based in Calcutta
  • The publication expected some funding from the government, which didn’t come through, and eventually closed on 4 December 1827.
  • A year later in 1828, government withdrew government subscription for newspapers, started during the liberal period of Governor-General Lord William Bentinck, which led to several small newspapers closing.
  • Many years later in 1850, Shukla also started a magazine, SamdandMartand, which ran till 1929.
  • Today, “Hindi Journalism Day” or Hindi PatrakaritaDiwas is celebrated on 30 May each year, as it marked the “beginning to journalism in Hindi language”