28th July- World Hepatitis Day

0
169

• World Hepatitis Day is observed each year on 28th July to enhance awareness of viral hepatitis.
• World Hepatitis Day is one of 11 official global public health campaigns marked by the World Health Organization (WHO).
• The theme for the year 2021 is “Hepatitis can’t wait”, conveying the urgency of efforts needed to eliminate hepatitis as a public health threat by 2030.
• Following the adoption of a resolution during the 63rd World Health Assembly in May 2010, World Hepatitis Day was given global endorsement and the date was changed to July 28.
• The word hepatitis refers to any inflammation of the liver — the irritation or swelling of the liver cells from any cause.
• Usually caused by a group of viruses known as the “hepatotropic” (liver-directed) viruses, including A, B, C, D and E.
• Other causes include drugs and alcohol abuse, fat buildup in the liver (fatty liver hepatitis) or an autoimmune process in which a person’s body makes antibodies that attack the liver (autoimmune hepatitis).
• In 2016, 194 governments across the globe adopted WHO’s global strategy which aims at eliminating viral hepatitis by 2030.
• In 2018, the government launched the National Viral Hepatitis Control Program. The program is the largest program for Hepatitis B and C diagnosis and treatment in the world.
• Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal and Thailand became the first four countries in the World Health Organization’s Southeast Asia region to have successfully controlled Hepatitis B.
• An automated coronavirus testing device named ‘COBAS 6800’ was launched which can also detect viral Hepatitis B & C.