27th June- Birth Anniversary of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee

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  • Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was born on 27th June 1838, in Naihati,
  • Bankim Chandra Chatterjeewas an Indian novelist, poet and journalist, whose novels firmly established prose as a literary vehicle for the Bengali language.
  • Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was the composer of VandeMatram, originally in Sanskrit, personifying India as a mother goddess and inspiring activists during the Indian Independence Movement.
  • Bankim Chandra Chatterjee is known as Sahitya Samrat (Emperor of Literature) in Bengali.
  • Chatterjee was bornin an orthodox Bengali Brahmin family and studied in Government Zilla school in
  • Chatterjee then got a degree in law and went to Hooghly Mohsin College and later to Presidency college.
  • Chatterjee finally went to University of Calcutta, where Chatterjee was one of the two only candidate to pass the law exam.
  • Chatterjee’s one of the earliest works were in a weekly newspaper called Sangbad Prabhakar.
  • Chatterjee’s first Bengali romance novel was Durgeshnandini (1865).
  • Bankim Chandra Chatterjee wanted to bring about a cultural revival of Bengal by stimulating the intellect of the Bengali speaking people through literary campaign.
  • With this end in view,Chatterjee brought out monthly magazine called Bangadarshan in 1872.
  • One of the many novels Chatterjee’s most famous novel was Anandamath (1882) which depicts a Sannyasi (Hindu ascetic) army fighting a British force. The novel was also the source of the song VandeMataram.
  • Bankim also wrote a commentary on Gita called Bhagavad Gita.
  • Bankim died on 8th April 1894 in Bengal.