10th September- World Suicide Prevention Day

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World Suicide Prevention

Significance
World Suicide Prevention Suicide Day is observed each year on 10th September to provide worldwide commitment and action to prevent suicides, with various activities around the world.

Aim
The day aims to research and collect data on suicidal behaviour, determine the various causes and developing sound practices and policies for suicide prevention.

History
An estimated one million people per year die by suicide or about one person in 10,000 (1.4% of all deaths), or “a death every 40 seconds or about 3,000 every day”. As of 2004, the number of people who die by suicide is expected to reach 1.5 million per year by 2020.
The International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) initiated World Suicide Prevention Day in 2003. The day is co-sponsored by the World Federation for Mental Health and World Health Organization.
World Health Organisation global suicide prevention campaign from 1999 was mentioned on the first World Suicide Prevention Day in 2003.

Theme
The theme for the year 2021 as declared by International Association for Suicide Prevention is “Creating hope through action”.

Activities
Events and activities on World Suicide Prevention Day include conferences, seminars, and discussion forums.
It also includes formulating new policies for suicide prevention and the use of media as a tool for promoting awareness.
Education is given to adolescents on suicide and mental illness and who to reach out if needed. Support groups and special facility centres as resources are also established to prevent depression and promote suicide awareness and treatment.
International Association for Suicide Prevention’s COVID-19 Resource Centre also aims to provide information for those seeking resources related to the pandemic and suicidal behaviour, suicidal ideation and self-harm.
The Early Career Group (ECG) also provides a forum where group members can network with peers and experts engaging in international research and interventions in the area of suicide prevention. Early career researchers, clinicians, healthcare and related professionals play a key role in suicide prevention and the activities of IASP.

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